Qasr Kharana is one of the best-known of the desert castles, built in present-day eastern Jordan, about 60km (37 mi) east of Amman and relatively close to the border with Saudi Arabia.
Qasr Amra is the best-known of the desert castles located in present-day eastern Jordan. It was built early in the 8th century, some time between 723 and 743, by Walid Ibn Yazid, the future Umayyad caliph Walid II.
The Castle was built in 1115 by Baldwin I of Jerusalem during his expedition to the area where he captured Aqaba. Originally called "Krak de Montreal" or "Mons Regalis" in honor of the king's contribution (Mont Royal).
The eastern-most of the major northern cities, Umm Al Jimal is at the edge of the basalt desert plain, along a secondary road close to the junction of several ancient trade routes linking central Jordan with Syria and Iraq.
East of Madaba is Umm Ar-Rasas, an ancient site mentioned in the Old and New Testaments. The rectangular walled city is mostly in ruins but still holds up four churches, stone arches and other buildings.
The site boasts spectacular views of three countries (Jordan, Syria, and Palestine), encompassing the Golan Heights, Mt Hermon and the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). It was once called “a new Athens” by a poet.
Wadi Al Mujib, historically known as Arnon, is a gorge in Jordan which enters the Dead Sea at 410m below sea level. The Mujib Reserve of Wadi Al Mujib is the lowest nature reserve in the world.
A maze of monolithic rockscapes rise from the desert floor up to 1,750m, creating a natural challenge for serious mountaineers. Hikers can also enjoy the tranquility of the boundless empty spaces.